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Mortality vs. Procedure

Results

Primary Procedure Name No of operations 30-day Deaths 30-day Mortality Hospital Mortality
VSD repair, Patch 33017 247 0.75%% 0.89%%
ASD repair, Patch 14714 47 0.32%% 0.37%%
PDA closure, Surgical 9748 226 2.33%% 3.21%%
TOF repair, Ventriculotomy, Transanular patch 8077 196 2.43%% 2.66%%
Shunt, Systemic to pulmonary, Modified Blalock-Taussig Shunt (MBTS) 7339 590 8.63%% 10.07%%
AVC (AVSD) repair, Complete (CAVSD) 7029 299 4.27%% 5.26%%
ASD repair, Primary closure 7002 35 0.50%% 0.56%%
Arterial switch operation (ASO) 6820 351 5.16%% 5.79%%
Coarctation repair, End to end, Extended 5945 107 1.81%% 2.37%%
Bidirectional cavopulmonary anastomosis (BDCPA) (bidirectional Glenn) 5881 198 3.40%% 4.55%%
PA banding (PAB) 4835 332 7.16%% 9.86%%
Coarctation repair, End to end 4024 70 1.74%% 2.16%%
Norwood procedure 3698 907 24.62%% 29.13%%
Pacemaker procedure 3560 40 1.34%% 1.71%%
Valvuloplasty, Mitral 3517 102 3.01%% 4.13%%
AVC (AVSD) repair, Partial (Incomplete) (PAVSD) 3389 31 0.92%% 1.04%%
Aortic stenosis, Subvalvar, Repair 3353 33 1.01%% 1.26%%
Pacemaker implantation, Permanent 3255 72 2.29%% 3.40%%
Fontan, TCPC, External conduit, Fenestrated 3150 117 3.73%% 4.59%%
TAPVC repair 3071 218 7.20%% 9.19%%
Conduit placement, RV to PA 3031 94 3.17%% 3.85%%
VSD repair, Primary closure 2879 39 1.36%% 1.57%%
Arterial switch operation (ASO) and VSD repair 2787 235 8.44%% 9.55%%
TOF repair, Ventriculotomy, Nontransanular patch 2742 37 1.35%% 1.46%%
Valvuloplasty, Aortic 2618 54 2.15%% 2.58%%
TOF repair, No ventriculotomy 2439 28 1.15%% 1.31%%
Conduit reoperation 2397 60 2.63%% 2.89%%
Mediastinal exploration 2382 391 20.32%% 23.70%%
PAPVC repair 2193 20 0.91%% 1.01%%
RVOT procedure 2119 107 5.13%% 5.66%%
Valve replacement, Aortic (AVR), Mechanical 2026 28 1.40%% 1.55%%
Aortic arch repair 1941 157 8.26%% 10.68%%
DORV, Intraventricular tunnel repair 1907 108 5.70%% 6.17%%
Valve replacement, Pulmonic (PVR) 1862 27 1.46%% 1.79%%
Valve replacement, Mitral (MVR) 1763 135 8.10%% 9.78%%
Shunt, Systemic to pulmonary, Central (from aorta or to main pulmonary artery) 1748 200 11.93%% 13.60%%
Vascular ring repair 1622 8 0.50%% 1.00%%
Pericardial drainage procedure 1618 64 4.11%% 4.88%%
ECMO procedure 1567 622 53.76%% 59.20%%
Fontan, TCPC, External conduit, Nonfenestrated 1548 36 2.33%% 3.24%%
Valvuloplasty, Tricuspid 1356 53 3.98%% 5.41%%
Truncus arteriosus repair 1351 196 14.61%% 17.36%%
AVC (AVSD) repair, Intermediate (Transitional) 1320 19 1.45%% 1.60%%
Coarctation repair, Patch aortoplasty 1160 38 3.35%% 3.97%%
Ross procedure 1084 17 1.57%% 2.04%%
PA, reconstruction (plasty), Main (trunk) 1064 46 4.38%% 5.23%%
Pulmonary atresia - VSD (including TOF, PA) repair 990 46 4.66%% 5.57%%
ECMO cannulation 977 360 39.30%% 46.40%%
Bilateral bidirectional cavopulmonary anastomosis (BBDCPA) (bilateral bidirectional Glenn) 967 42 4.36%% 6.02%%
Miscellaneous procedure, Other 967 88 10.21%% 13.69%%
Interrupted aortic arch repair 963 114 11.89%% 14.29%%
Valvuloplasty, Pulmonic 945 21 2.30%% 2.84%%
VSD, Multiple, Repair 937 31 3.41%% 4.62%%
Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Therapeutic, Balloon dilation 882 19 2.39%% 3.14%%
ECMO decannulation 881 245 29.66%% 36.08%%
Aortic stenosis, Supravalvar, Repair 861 42 4.99%% 5.34%%
PA, reconstruction (plasty), Branch, Central (within the hilar bifurcation) 815 52 6.56%% 8.20%%
Thoracic and/or mediastinal procedure, Other 814 65 9.14%% 10.83%%
Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Therapeutic, Device implantation 811 4 0.50%% 0.63%%
Aortic root replacement, Mechanical 791 20 2.56%% 2.81%%
Transplant, Heart 782 55 7.05%% 10.26%%
Sternotomy wound drainage 778 36 5.41%% 7.07%%
Other procedure 775 83 12.17%% 15.25%%
Mediastinal procedure 761 77 11.79%% 14.24%%
Pleural drainage procedure 741 53 8.12%% 11.18%%
DCRV repair 741 9 1.22%% 1.36%%
Anomalous origin of coronary artery from pulmonary artery repair 727 28 3.88%% 4.85%%
Aortic arch repair + VSD repair 727 27 3.71%% 5.50%%
Aortic aneurysm repair 721 12 1.69%% 2.25%%
Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Therapeutic, Coil implantation 707 4 0.58%% 0.58%%
ASD repair, Patch + PAPVC repair 651 1 0.15%% 0.15%%
Damus-Kaye-Stansel procedure (DKS) (creation of AP anastomosis without arch reconstruction) 648 123 19.10%% 22.36%%
Diaphragm plication 642 24 3.92%% 9.46%%
Lung procedure, Other 609 16 2.81%% 4.21%%
PA debanding 597 53 9.04%% 12.46%%
Ebstein's repair 596 37 6.45%% 8.36%%
Fontan, TCPC, Lateral tunnel, Fenestrated 575 22 3.86%% 4.74%%
Right/left heart assist device procedure 566 79 27.53%% 40.77%%
TOF repair, RV-PA conduit 565 28 5.01%% 5.72%%
ASD creation/enlargement 565 114 20.28%% 25.09%%
Unifocalization MAPCA(s) 536 45 9.26%% 11.32%%
Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Therapeutic, Stent insertion 535 57 11.59%% 13.21%%
ASD repair, Device 532 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
PDA closure, Device 529 1 0.19%% 0.38%%
Aortic stenosis, Subvalvar, Repair, With myectomy for IHSS 519 4 0.78%% 1.36%%
Fontan, Other 513 27 5.28%% 6.26%%
Ross-Konno procedure 499 48 9.62%% 11.42%%
Valve replacement, Tricuspid (TVR) 495 45 9.53%% 11.86%%
Cor triatriatum repair 494 17 3.46%% 4.47%%
Cardiac procedure, Other 479 63 13.97%% 15.52%%
Pulmonary atresia - VSD - MAPCA (pseudotruncus) repair 476 43 9.17%% 11.73%%
Glenn (unidirectional cavopulmonary anastomosis) (unidirectional Glenn) 475 7 1.48%% 2.33%%
Valve replacement, Aortic (AVR), Bioprosthetic 468 9 1.94%% 2.38%%
Pulmonary venous stenosis repair 464 37 8.94%% 14.25%%
VSD repair, Device 459 3 0.66%% 0.87%%
AP window repair 449 5 1.12%% 1.57%%
PFO, Primary closure 446 8 1.79%% 2.24%%
Cardiac tumor resection 432 23 5.41%% 6.12%%
Rastelli 427 30 7.13%% 7.84%%
Coarctation repair, Other 421 18 4.29%% 4.52%%
ICD (AICD) implantation 417 6 1.49%% 1.74%%
Fontan, TCPC, Lateral tunnel, Nonfenestrated 410 10 2.44%% 3.17%%
Valve surgery, Other, Mitral 395 13 3.38%% 4.42%%
PA, reconstruction (plasty), Branch, Peripheral (at or beyond the hilar bifurcation) 388 19 5.04%% 7.96%%
HemiFontan 385 22 5.74%% 8.09%%
Coarctation repair, Subclavian flap 378 7 1.86%% 2.93%%
TOF - AVC (AVSD) repair 373 39 10.48%% 11.56%%
TOF - Absent pulmonary valve repair 364 36 9.89%% 13.46%%
Thoracotomy, Other 361 50 15.43%% 19.75%%
Coarctation repair, Interposition graft 358 5 1.40%% 1.68%%
Shunt, Systemic to pulmonary, Other 357 57 16.72%% 19.35%%
Pectus repair 356 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Tracheal procedure 349 23 7.12%% 10.22%%
Coarctation repair + VSD repair 345 12 3.48%% 4.93%%
Coronary artery procedure, Other 343 29 8.61%% 9.79%%
Aortic root replacement, Valve sparing 333 4 1.20%% 1.20%%
Shunt, Ligation and takedown 325 36 11.21%% 12.77%%
ASD creation, Balloon septostomy (BAS) (Rashkind) 301 22 7.59%% 8.62%%
ICD (AICD) ([automatic] implantable cardioverter defibrillator) procedure 301 2 0.81%% 0.81%%
Peripheral vascular procedure, Other 299 18 6.79%% 9.06%%
Palliation, Other 287 41 14.59%% 16.73%%
Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Therapeutic 286 2 0.72%% 0.72%%
Konno procedure 274 19 6.93%% 8.76%%
Fontan revision or conversion (Re-do Fontan) 258 35 13.67%% 15.62%%
Valve surgery, Other, Pulmonic 251 8 3.19%% 3.98%%
Valve surgery, Other, Aortic 246 17 7.05%% 7.47%%
REV 208 13 6.25%% 6.73%%
PAPVC, Scimitar, Repair 205 2 1.00%% 2.50%%
Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Therapeutic, Balloon valvotomy 203 7 3.48%% 4.48%%
Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Therapeutic, Septostomy 201 12 6.00%% 9.50%%
Shunt, Reoperation 201 27 15.08%% 17.32%%
PAPVC repair, Baffle redirection to left atrium with systemic vein translocation (Warden) (SVC sewn to right atrial appendage) 199 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Coronary artery fistula ligation 199 2 1.02%% 1.02%%
Aortic root replacement, Homograft 196 11 5.73%% 7.29%%
Pulmonary artery sling repair 195 6 3.09%% 5.15%%
PA, reconstruction (plasty), Branch, Central 194 11 5.82%% 6.88%%
ASD, Common atrium (single atrium), Septation 191 4 2.12%% 2.12%%
Senning 189 20 10.58%% 12.70%%
VAD implantation 188 40 22.60%% 32.77%%
Congenitally corrected TGA repair, Atrial switch and ASO (double switch) 172 15 8.77%% 12.28%%
Aortic root replacement, Bioprosthetic 166 6 3.66%% 4.27%%
HLHS biventricular repair 164 19 11.66%% 14.11%%
Valve replacement, Aortic (AVR) 163 5 3.07%% 3.07%%
Coronary artery bypass 162 9 5.77%% 7.05%%
Sinus of Valsalva, Aneurysm repair 154 1 0.65%% 0.65%%
Arterial switch procedure and VSD repair + Aortic arch repair 154 14 9.09%% 10.39%%
Mitral stenosis, Supravalvar mitral ring repair 151 1 0.68%% 2.72%%
Lung biopsy 144 9 6.38%% 9.93%%
1 1/2 ventricular repair 134 4 2.99%% 3.73%%
DORV repair, NOS 131 6 4.62%% 5.38%%
Ligation, Thoracic duct 124 9 7.32%% 14.63%%
Hybrid Approach "Stage 1", Application of RPA & LPA bands 124 25 20.16%% 30.65%%
Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Diagnostic 123 4 4.12%% 6.19%%
Anomalous systemic venous connection repair 122 7 5.83%% 6.67%%
VSD creation/enlargement 122 16 13.33%% 19.17%%
ASD partial closure 117 8 6.84%% 6.84%%
Pulmonary artery origin from ascending aorta (hemitruncus) repair 116 2 1.72%% 2.59%%
Valve surgery, Other, Tricuspid 113 21 18.92%% 20.72%%
LV to aorta tunnel repair 108 5 4.67%% 4.67%%
Systemic venous stenosis repair 102 7 7.14%% 12.24%%
Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Diagnostic, Angiographic data obtained 100 9 9.89%% 10.99%%
TOF repair, NOS 97 2 2.06%% 4.12%%
Congenitally corrected TGA repair, Atrial switch and Rastelli 97 13 13.40%% 15.46%%
Anomalous aortic origin of coronary artery from aorta (AAOCA) repair 93 1 1.08%% 1.08%%
ASD repair, NOS 92 1 1.09%% 1.09%%
Decortication 87 4 4.65%% 5.81%%
Explantation of pacing system 87 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Pleural procedure, Other 86 5 6.58%% 11.84%%
Pericardiectomy 85 0 0.00%% 3.57%%
VSD repair, NOS 85 3 3.53%% 4.71%%
Occlusion MAPCA(s) 84 5 6.17%% 8.64%%
Hybrid Approach "Stage 1", Stent placement in arterial duct (PDA) + application of RPA & LPA bands 83 28 33.73%% 50.60%%
Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Diagnostic, Hemodynamic data obtained 82 8 10.13%% 12.66%%
Valve excision, Pulmonary (without replacement) 78 3 3.85%% 3.85%%
Congenitally corrected TGA repair, VSD closure 76 3 3.95%% 7.89%%
Aneurysm, Ventricular, Left, Repair 75 2 2.82%% 4.23%%
TGA, Other procedures (Nikaido, Kawashima, LV-PA conduit, other) 72 9 12.86%% 12.86%%
VATS (video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery) 71 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Aortopexy 68 3 4.48%% 8.96%%
Mustard 67 8 12.12%% 18.18%%
Valve replacement, Aortic (AVR), Homograft 67 1 1.49%% 1.49%%
Atrial septal fenestration 66 11 16.92%% 23.08%%
Cardiotomy, Other 65 8 12.90%% 16.13%%
Aneurysm, Ventricular, Right, Repair 62 3 4.84%% 6.45%%
Minimally invasive procedure 62 6 10.53%% 10.53%%
Pericardial procedure, Other 61 4 6.67%% 11.67%%
Aortic root translocation over left ventricle (Including Nikaidoh procedure) 56 2 3.57%% 5.36%%
Coarctation repair, NOS 56 4 7.27%% 7.27%%
Bronchoscopy 54 5 10.00%% 18.00%%
Transplant, lung(s) 54 6 11.54%% 19.23%%
Valvuloplasty converted to valve replacement in the same operation, Mitral 51 4 7.84%% 7.84%%
Congenitally corrected TGA repair, VSD closure and LV to PA conduit 50 0 0.00%% 2.00%%
Arrhythmia surgery - atrial, Surgical Ablation 48 3 6.38%% 6.38%%
Valve closure, Tricuspid (exclusion, univentricular approach) 47 15 32.61%% 41.30%%
Valvuloplasty, Common atrioventricular valve 47 7 16.67%% 28.57%%
Aortic dissection repair 47 4 8.51%% 8.51%%
Atrial baffle procedure (non-Mustard, non-Senning) 46 2 4.35%% 4.35%%
VAD explantation 46 5 11.11%% 22.22%%
Non-cardiovascular, Non-thoracic procedure on cardiac patient with cardiac anesthesia 44 4 10.26%% 10.26%%
Conduit placement, LV to PA 43 1 2.33%% 6.98%%
TGA, Other procedures (Kawashima, LV-PA conduit, other) 42 2 4.88%% 4.88%%
Organ procurement 40 2 5.13%% 7.69%%
Fontan, Atrio-pulmonary connection 40 2 5.00%% 7.50%%
Conduit placement, Other 38 3 7.89%% 7.89%%
Aneurysm, Pulmonary artery, Repair 37 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Shunt, Systemic to pulmonary, NOS 37 6 16.67%% 16.67%%
Truncus + Interrupted aortic arch repair (IAA) repair 37 3 8.11%% 8.11%%
TAPVC repair + Shunt - systemic-to-pulmonary 36 7 19.44%% 41.67%%
Superior Cavopulmonary anastomosis(es) + PA reconstruction 34 2 5.88%% 5.88%%
Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Therapeutic, Stent re-dilation 34 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Fontan, TCPC, External conduit, NOS 33 3 9.09%% 12.12%%
Arterial switch procedure + Aortic arch repair 33 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Pulmonary embolectomy, Acute pulmonary embolus 33 9 28.12%% 31.25%%
Hybrid approach "Stage 2", Aortopulmonary amalgamation + Superior Cavopulmonary anastomosis(es) + PA Debanding + Aortic arch repair (Norwood [Stage 1] + Superior Cavopulmonary anastomosis(es) + PA Debanding) 30 8 27.59%% 34.48%%
Bypass for noncardiac lesion 30 7 25.00%% 25.00%%
Valvuloplasty, Truncal valve 29 1 3.57%% 3.57%%
Aortic root replacement 29 1 3.45%% 3.45%%
Diaphragm procedure, Other 29 5 17.24%% 24.14%%
Valve replacement, Common atrioventricular valve 27 3 11.11%% 22.22%%
DOLV repair 27 3 11.11%% 11.11%%
Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Therapeutic, Transcatheter implantation of valve 27 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Other annular enlargement procedure 27 4 14.81%% 14.81%%
Atrial baffle procedure, Mustard or Senning revision 25 2 8.00%% 8.00%%
Cardiovascular electrophysiological catheterization procedure, Therapeutic ablation 24 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
PDA closure, NOS 24 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
RF ablation 22 1 4.55%% 4.55%%
Valve closure, Semilunar 22 4 18.18%% 18.18%%
Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Therapeutic, Perforation (establishing interchamber and/or intervessel communication) 22 3 13.64%% 13.64%%
AVC (AVSD) repair, NOS 22 2 9.09%% 9.09%%
Valvuloplasty converted to valve replacement in the same operation, Aortic 22 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Ligation, Pulmonary artery 21 4 19.05%% 19.05%%
Valve replacement, Truncal valve 21 1 5.00%% 5.00%%
Congenitally corrected TGA repair, Other 19 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Conduit placement, Ventricle to aorta 19 3 15.79%% 15.79%%
ASD creation, Blade septostomy 19 2 10.53%% 10.53%%
Esophageal procedure 17 1 6.67%% 6.67%%
Transplant, Heart and lung 16 3 18.75%% 18.75%%
Pulmonary embolectomy 16 2 13.33%% 13.33%%
Ventricular septal fenestration 16 2 12.50%% 12.50%%
Arrhythmia surgery - ventricular, Surgical Ablation 15 1 6.67%% 6.67%%
Intraaortic balloon pump (IABP) insertion 14 6 46.15%% 53.85%%
Valvuloplasty converted to valve replacement in the same operation, Tricuspid 13 1 7.69%% 15.38%%
Fontan, NOS 13 1 7.69%% 7.69%%
Hybrid Approach "Stage 1", Stent placement in arterial duct (PDA) 12 4 33.33%% 58.33%%
Partial left ventriculectomy (LV volume reduction surgery) (Batista) 12 0 0.00%% 9.09%%
Valve excision, Tricuspid (without replacement) 12 2 16.67%% 16.67%%
Fontan + Atrioventricular valvuloplasty 11 0 0.00%% 9.09%%
Ventricular septation 10 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Pulmonary AV fistula repair/occlusion 8 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Fontan, TCPC, Lateral tunnel, NOS 8 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Congenitally corrected TGA repair, NOS 6 1 16.67%% 16.67%%
Superior cavopulmonary anastomosis(es) (Glenn or HemiFontan) + Atrioventricular valvuloplasty 5 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Fontan, Atrio-ventricular connection 5 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Cardiovascular electrophysiological catheterization procedure 4 1 25.00%% 25.00%%
Valvuloplasty converted to valve replacement in the same operation, Pulmonic 4 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Echocardiography procedure, Sedated transesophageal echocardiogram 4 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Atrial fenestration closure 4 1 25.00%% 25.00%%
Valvuloplasty converted to valve replacement in the same operation, Aortic - with Ross procedure 3 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Valvuloplasty converted to valve replacement in the same operation, Aortic - with Ross-Konno procedure 3 1 33.33%% 33.33%%
Pulmonary embolectomy, Chronic pulmonary embolus 3 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Echocardiography procedure, Sedated transthoracic echocardiogram 2 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Diagnostic, Hemodynamic alteration 2 2 100.00%% 100.00%%
Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Therapeutic, Adjunctive therapy 1 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Therapeutic, Transcatheter Fontan completion 1 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Diagnostic, Electrophysiology alteration 1 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Radiology procedure on cardiac patient, Cardiac Computerized Axial Tomography (CT Scan) 1 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Hybrid approach "Stage 2", Aortopulmonary amalgamation + Superior Cavopulmonary anastomosis(es) + PA Debanding + Without aortic arch repair 1 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Valvuloplasty converted to valve replacement in the same operation, Common atrioventricular valve 1 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
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