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Mortality vs. Procedure

Results

Primary Procedure Name No of operations 30-day Deaths 30-day Mortality Hospital Mortality
VSD repair, Patch 33431 249 0.75%% 0.88%%
ASD repair, Patch 14892 47 0.32%% 0.36%%
PDA closure, Surgical 9809 226 2.31%% 3.19%%
TOF repair, Ventriculotomy, Transanular patch 8132 196 2.42%% 2.64%%
Shunt, Systemic to pulmonary, Modified Blalock-Taussig Shunt (MBTS) 7397 592 8.59%% 10.01%%
AVC (AVSD) repair, Complete (CAVSD) 7061 302 4.30%% 5.28%%
ASD repair, Primary closure 7034 36 0.51%% 0.57%%
Arterial switch operation (ASO) 6848 351 5.14%% 5.76%%
Coarctation repair, End to end, Extended 5988 108 1.81%% 2.37%%
Bidirectional cavopulmonary anastomosis (BDCPA) (bidirectional Glenn) 5949 199 3.38%% 4.51%%
PA banding (PAB) 4902 336 7.15%% 9.88%%
Coarctation repair, End to end 4035 70 1.74%% 2.16%%
Norwood procedure 3738 909 24.40%% 28.91%%
Pacemaker procedure 3596 44 1.46%% 1.83%%
Valvuloplasty, Mitral 3546 102 2.99%% 4.13%%
AVC (AVSD) repair, Partial (Incomplete) (PAVSD) 3404 31 0.91%% 1.03%%
Aortic stenosis, Subvalvar, Repair 3374 33 1.01%% 1.25%%
Pacemaker implantation, Permanent 3299 72 2.26%% 3.36%%
Fontan, TCPC, External conduit, Fenestrated 3183 117 3.69%% 4.54%%
TAPVC repair 3099 219 7.17%% 9.17%%
Conduit placement, RV to PA 3052 94 3.15%% 3.83%%
VSD repair, Primary closure 2887 39 1.36%% 1.57%%
Arterial switch operation (ASO) and VSD repair 2804 237 8.46%% 9.56%%
TOF repair, Ventriculotomy, Nontransanular patch 2760 38 1.38%% 1.49%%
Valvuloplasty, Aortic 2649 55 2.17%% 2.64%%
Mediastinal exploration 2471 401 20.26%% 23.80%%
TOF repair, No ventriculotomy 2459 28 1.14%% 1.30%%
Conduit reoperation 2408 61 2.66%% 2.92%%
PAPVC repair 2207 20 0.91%% 1.00%%
RVOT procedure 2149 107 5.06%% 5.58%%
Valve replacement, Aortic (AVR), Mechanical 2046 28 1.38%% 1.58%%
Aortic arch repair 1979 159 8.21%% 10.59%%
DORV, Intraventricular tunnel repair 1933 109 5.68%% 6.20%%
Valve replacement, Pulmonic (PVR) 1872 27 1.45%% 1.78%%
Valve replacement, Mitral (MVR) 1776 135 8.04%% 9.71%%
Shunt, Systemic to pulmonary, Central (from aorta or to main pulmonary artery) 1758 200 11.86%% 13.52%%
Pericardial drainage procedure 1643 64 4.06%% 4.82%%
Vascular ring repair 1639 8 0.49%% 0.99%%
ECMO procedure 1609 630 53.21%% 58.78%%
Fontan, TCPC, External conduit, Nonfenestrated 1574 36 2.29%% 3.25%%
Valvuloplasty, Tricuspid 1368 56 4.17%% 5.59%%
Truncus arteriosus repair 1357 196 14.54%% 17.28%%
AVC (AVSD) repair, Intermediate (Transitional) 1330 19 1.44%% 1.59%%
Coarctation repair, Patch aortoplasty 1162 39 3.43%% 4.05%%
Ross procedure 1088 17 1.57%% 2.03%%
PA, reconstruction (plasty), Main (trunk) 1081 47 4.40%% 5.24%%
ECMO cannulation 1011 368 38.82%% 45.99%%
Pulmonary atresia - VSD (including TOF, PA) repair 996 46 4.63%% 5.53%%
Miscellaneous procedure, Other 979 89 10.19%% 13.63%%
Bilateral bidirectional cavopulmonary anastomosis (BBDCPA) (bilateral bidirectional Glenn) 977 42 4.31%% 5.95%%
Interrupted aortic arch repair 974 114 11.75%% 14.12%%
Valvuloplasty, Pulmonic 954 21 2.27%% 2.81%%
VSD, Multiple, Repair 941 32 3.50%% 4.70%%
ECMO decannulation 915 251 29.25%% 35.90%%
Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Therapeutic, Balloon dilation 886 19 2.38%% 3.12%%
Aortic stenosis, Supravalvar, Repair 868 43 5.07%% 5.42%%
PA, reconstruction (plasty), Branch, Central (within the hilar bifurcation) 832 53 6.55%% 8.28%%
Thoracic and/or mediastinal procedure, Other 823 67 9.32%% 10.99%%
Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Therapeutic, Device implantation 816 4 0.50%% 0.62%%
Aortic root replacement, Mechanical 797 20 2.54%% 2.79%%
Sternotomy wound drainage 789 39 5.79%% 7.57%%
Transplant, Heart 787 55 7.01%% 10.19%%
Other procedure 781 83 12.08%% 15.14%%
Mediastinal procedure 778 77 11.49%% 13.88%%
Pleural drainage procedure 758 53 7.95%% 10.94%%
DCRV repair 748 9 1.21%% 1.34%%
Aortic arch repair + VSD repair 737 27 3.66%% 5.43%%
Anomalous origin of coronary artery from pulmonary artery repair 730 28 3.86%% 4.83%%
Aortic aneurysm repair 725 12 1.68%% 2.24%%
Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Therapeutic, Coil implantation 707 4 0.58%% 0.58%%
Diaphragm plication 662 25 3.96%% 9.34%%
ASD repair, Patch + PAPVC repair 659 1 0.15%% 0.15%%
Damus-Kaye-Stansel procedure (DKS) (creation of AP anastomosis without arch reconstruction) 653 123 18.95%% 22.34%%
Lung procedure, Other 609 16 2.81%% 4.21%%
Ebstein's repair 608 39 6.66%% 8.53%%
PA debanding 606 53 8.91%% 12.61%%
Fontan, TCPC, Lateral tunnel, Fenestrated 576 22 3.85%% 4.73%%
ASD creation/enlargement 574 116 20.32%% 25.04%%
Right/left heart assist device procedure 569 80 27.59%% 40.69%%
TOF repair, RV-PA conduit 565 28 5.01%% 5.72%%
Unifocalization MAPCA(s) 544 45 9.13%% 11.36%%
ASD repair, Device 542 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Therapeutic, Stent insertion 537 57 11.56%% 13.18%%
PDA closure, Device 535 1 0.19%% 0.37%%
Aortic stenosis, Subvalvar, Repair, With myectomy for IHSS 525 4 0.77%% 1.34%%
Fontan, Other 513 27 5.28%% 6.26%%
Ross-Konno procedure 502 48 9.56%% 11.35%%
Cor triatriatum repair 500 17 3.41%% 4.42%%
Valve replacement, Tricuspid (TVR) 495 45 9.53%% 11.86%%
Pulmonary atresia - VSD - MAPCA (pseudotruncus) repair 484 44 9.22%% 11.74%%
Cardiac procedure, Other 481 63 13.91%% 15.45%%
Glenn (unidirectional cavopulmonary anastomosis) (unidirectional Glenn) 476 7 1.48%% 2.33%%
Valve replacement, Aortic (AVR), Bioprosthetic 472 9 1.93%% 2.36%%
Pulmonary venous stenosis repair 467 38 9.11%% 14.39%%
VSD repair, Device 462 3 0.65%% 0.87%%
AP window repair 453 5 1.11%% 1.56%%
PFO, Primary closure 447 8 1.79%% 2.24%%
Cardiac tumor resection 433 23 5.40%% 6.10%%
Rastelli 427 30 7.13%% 7.84%%
Coarctation repair, Other 422 18 4.28%% 4.51%%
ICD (AICD) implantation 419 6 1.49%% 1.73%%
Fontan, TCPC, Lateral tunnel, Nonfenestrated 419 10 2.39%% 3.10%%
Valve surgery, Other, Mitral 397 13 3.36%% 4.39%%
PA, reconstruction (plasty), Branch, Peripheral (at or beyond the hilar bifurcation) 395 19 4.95%% 7.81%%
HemiFontan 387 22 5.71%% 8.05%%
Coarctation repair, Subclavian flap 379 7 1.86%% 2.92%%
TOF - AVC (AVSD) repair 374 39 10.46%% 11.53%%
TOF - Absent pulmonary valve repair 366 36 9.84%% 13.39%%
Thoracotomy, Other 362 50 15.38%% 19.69%%
Shunt, Systemic to pulmonary, Other 361 57 16.52%% 19.13%%
Coarctation repair, Interposition graft 358 5 1.40%% 1.68%%
Pectus repair 356 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Tracheal procedure 350 23 7.10%% 10.19%%
Coarctation repair + VSD repair 350 12 3.43%% 4.86%%
Coronary artery procedure, Other 345 29 8.55%% 9.73%%
Aortic root replacement, Valve sparing 332 3 0.90%% 0.90%%
Shunt, Ligation and takedown 325 36 11.21%% 12.77%%
ICD (AICD) ([automatic] implantable cardioverter defibrillator) procedure 304 3 1.20%% 1.20%%
Peripheral vascular procedure, Other 302 18 6.72%% 8.96%%
ASD creation, Balloon septostomy (BAS) (Rashkind) 301 22 7.59%% 8.62%%
Palliation, Other 287 41 14.59%% 16.73%%
Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Therapeutic 286 2 0.72%% 0.72%%
Konno procedure 275 19 6.91%% 8.73%%
Fontan revision or conversion (Re-do Fontan) 261 36 13.95%% 15.89%%
Valve surgery, Other, Pulmonic 251 8 3.19%% 3.98%%
Valve surgery, Other, Aortic 248 17 7.00%% 7.41%%
REV 213 13 6.10%% 6.57%%
PAPVC, Scimitar, Repair 205 2 1.00%% 2.50%%
Coronary artery fistula ligation 204 2 0.99%% 0.99%%
Shunt, Reoperation 204 28 15.47%% 18.23%%
Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Therapeutic, Balloon valvotomy 203 7 3.48%% 4.48%%
PAPVC repair, Baffle redirection to left atrium with systemic vein translocation (Warden) (SVC sewn to right atrial appendage) 203 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Therapeutic, Septostomy 201 12 6.00%% 9.50%%
Pulmonary artery sling repair 198 6 3.05%% 5.08%%
Aortic root replacement, Homograft 196 11 5.73%% 7.29%%
PA, reconstruction (plasty), Branch, Central 194 11 5.82%% 6.88%%
ASD, Common atrium (single atrium), Septation 193 4 2.09%% 2.09%%
VAD implantation 192 40 22.10%% 32.04%%
Senning 190 20 10.64%% 12.77%%
Congenitally corrected TGA repair, Atrial switch and ASO (double switch) 176 15 8.57%% 12.00%%
HLHS biventricular repair 168 20 11.98%% 14.37%%
Aortic root replacement, Bioprosthetic 168 6 3.61%% 4.22%%
Valve replacement, Aortic (AVR) 163 5 3.07%% 3.07%%
Coronary artery bypass 162 9 5.77%% 7.05%%
Sinus of Valsalva, Aneurysm repair 158 1 0.64%% 0.64%%
Arterial switch procedure and VSD repair + Aortic arch repair 154 14 9.09%% 10.39%%
Mitral stenosis, Supravalvar mitral ring repair 152 1 0.68%% 2.70%%
Lung biopsy 145 9 6.34%% 9.86%%
1 1/2 ventricular repair 134 4 2.99%% 3.73%%
Hybrid Approach "Stage 1", Application of RPA & LPA bands 132 26 19.70%% 29.55%%
DORV repair, NOS 131 6 4.62%% 5.38%%
Ligation, Thoracic duct 126 9 7.20%% 14.40%%
Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Diagnostic 126 4 4.04%% 6.06%%
VSD creation/enlargement 125 17 13.93%% 19.67%%
Anomalous systemic venous connection repair 124 7 5.74%% 6.56%%
ASD partial closure 119 8 6.72%% 6.72%%
Pulmonary artery origin from ascending aorta (hemitruncus) repair 116 2 1.72%% 2.59%%
Valve surgery, Other, Tricuspid 114 21 18.75%% 20.54%%
LV to aorta tunnel repair 109 5 4.63%% 4.63%%
Systemic venous stenosis repair 102 7 7.14%% 12.24%%
Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Diagnostic, Angiographic data obtained 101 9 9.78%% 10.87%%
Congenitally corrected TGA repair, Atrial switch and Rastelli 98 13 13.27%% 15.31%%
TOF repair, NOS 97 2 2.06%% 4.12%%
Anomalous aortic origin of coronary artery from aorta (AAOCA) repair 96 1 1.04%% 1.04%%
ASD repair, NOS 92 1 1.09%% 1.09%%
Explantation of pacing system 87 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Decortication 87 4 4.65%% 5.81%%
Pericardiectomy 87 0 0.00%% 3.49%%
Occlusion MAPCA(s) 86 5 6.10%% 8.54%%
Pleural procedure, Other 86 5 6.58%% 11.84%%
VSD repair, NOS 85 3 3.53%% 4.71%%
Hybrid Approach "Stage 1", Stent placement in arterial duct (PDA) + application of RPA & LPA bands 84 28 33.33%% 50.00%%
Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Diagnostic, Hemodynamic data obtained 84 8 10.00%% 12.50%%
Valve excision, Pulmonary (without replacement) 80 3 3.75%% 3.75%%
Congenitally corrected TGA repair, VSD closure 77 3 3.90%% 7.79%%
Aneurysm, Ventricular, Left, Repair 75 2 2.82%% 4.23%%
Aortopexy 74 3 4.11%% 9.59%%
TGA, Other procedures (Nikaido, Kawashima, LV-PA conduit, other) 72 9 12.86%% 12.86%%
VATS (video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery) 71 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Atrial septal fenestration 67 11 16.67%% 22.73%%
Mustard 67 8 12.12%% 18.18%%
Valve replacement, Aortic (AVR), Homograft 67 1 1.49%% 1.49%%
Cardiotomy, Other 65 8 12.90%% 16.13%%
Minimally invasive procedure 62 6 10.53%% 10.53%%
Aneurysm, Ventricular, Right, Repair 62 3 4.84%% 6.45%%
Pericardial procedure, Other 61 4 6.67%% 11.67%%
Aortic root translocation over left ventricle (Including Nikaidoh procedure) 56 2 3.57%% 5.36%%
Coarctation repair, NOS 56 4 7.27%% 7.27%%
Bronchoscopy 54 5 10.00%% 18.00%%
Transplant, lung(s) 54 6 11.54%% 19.23%%
Valvuloplasty converted to valve replacement in the same operation, Mitral 51 4 7.84%% 7.84%%
Congenitally corrected TGA repair, VSD closure and LV to PA conduit 51 0 0.00%% 1.96%%
Valvuloplasty, Common atrioventricular valve 50 8 17.78%% 28.89%%
VAD explantation 49 6 12.50%% 22.92%%
Aortic dissection repair 49 6 12.24%% 12.24%%
Arrhythmia surgery - atrial, Surgical Ablation 48 3 6.38%% 6.38%%
Valve closure, Tricuspid (exclusion, univentricular approach) 47 15 32.61%% 41.30%%
Atrial baffle procedure (non-Mustard, non-Senning) 46 2 4.35%% 4.35%%
Non-cardiovascular, Non-thoracic procedure on cardiac patient with cardiac anesthesia 44 4 10.26%% 10.26%%
Conduit placement, LV to PA 43 1 2.33%% 6.98%%
TGA, Other procedures (Kawashima, LV-PA conduit, other) 42 2 4.88%% 4.88%%
Organ procurement 40 2 5.13%% 7.69%%
Fontan, Atrio-pulmonary connection 40 2 5.00%% 7.50%%
Truncus + Interrupted aortic arch repair (IAA) repair 38 3 7.89%% 7.89%%
TAPVC repair + Shunt - systemic-to-pulmonary 38 9 23.68%% 44.74%%
Conduit placement, Other 38 3 7.89%% 7.89%%
Aneurysm, Pulmonary artery, Repair 37 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Shunt, Systemic to pulmonary, NOS 37 6 16.67%% 16.67%%
Superior Cavopulmonary anastomosis(es) + PA reconstruction 36 2 5.56%% 5.56%%
Arterial switch procedure + Aortic arch repair 36 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Therapeutic, Stent re-dilation 35 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Fontan, TCPC, External conduit, NOS 33 3 9.09%% 12.12%%
Hybrid approach "Stage 2", Aortopulmonary amalgamation + Superior Cavopulmonary anastomosis(es) + PA Debanding + Aortic arch repair (Norwood [Stage 1] + Superior Cavopulmonary anastomosis(es) + PA Debanding) 33 8 25.00%% 31.25%%
Pulmonary embolectomy, Acute pulmonary embolus 33 9 28.12%% 31.25%%
Bypass for noncardiac lesion 30 7 25.00%% 25.00%%
Diaphragm procedure, Other 29 5 17.24%% 24.14%%
Aortic root replacement 29 1 3.45%% 3.45%%
Valvuloplasty, Truncal valve 29 1 3.57%% 3.57%%
Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Therapeutic, Transcatheter implantation of valve 27 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Other annular enlargement procedure 27 4 14.81%% 14.81%%
DOLV repair 27 3 11.11%% 11.11%%
Valve replacement, Common atrioventricular valve 27 3 11.11%% 22.22%%
Atrial baffle procedure, Mustard or Senning revision 26 2 7.69%% 7.69%%
Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Therapeutic, Perforation (establishing interchamber and/or intervessel communication) 24 3 12.50%% 12.50%%
Cardiovascular electrophysiological catheterization procedure, Therapeutic ablation 24 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
PDA closure, NOS 24 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
RF ablation 22 1 4.55%% 4.55%%
Valvuloplasty converted to valve replacement in the same operation, Aortic 22 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
AVC (AVSD) repair, NOS 22 2 9.09%% 9.09%%
Valve closure, Semilunar 22 4 18.18%% 18.18%%
Valve replacement, Truncal valve 21 1 5.00%% 5.00%%
Ligation, Pulmonary artery 21 4 19.05%% 19.05%%
Congenitally corrected TGA repair, Other 19 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Conduit placement, Ventricle to aorta 19 3 15.79%% 15.79%%
ASD creation, Blade septostomy 19 2 10.53%% 10.53%%
Pulmonary embolectomy 17 2 12.50%% 12.50%%
Esophageal procedure 17 1 6.67%% 6.67%%
Transplant, Heart and lung 16 3 18.75%% 18.75%%
Ventricular septal fenestration 16 2 12.50%% 12.50%%
Arrhythmia surgery - ventricular, Surgical Ablation 15 1 6.67%% 6.67%%
Intraaortic balloon pump (IABP) insertion 14 6 46.15%% 53.85%%
Valvuloplasty converted to valve replacement in the same operation, Tricuspid 13 1 7.69%% 15.38%%
Fontan, NOS 13 1 7.69%% 7.69%%
Valve excision, Tricuspid (without replacement) 12 2 16.67%% 16.67%%
Partial left ventriculectomy (LV volume reduction surgery) (Batista) 12 0 0.00%% 9.09%%
Hybrid Approach "Stage 1", Stent placement in arterial duct (PDA) 12 4 33.33%% 58.33%%
Fontan + Atrioventricular valvuloplasty 11 0 0.00%% 9.09%%
Ventricular septation 10 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Fontan, TCPC, Lateral tunnel, NOS 8 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Pulmonary AV fistula repair/occlusion 8 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Congenitally corrected TGA repair, NOS 6 1 16.67%% 16.67%%
Superior cavopulmonary anastomosis(es) (Glenn or HemiFontan) + Atrioventricular valvuloplasty 5 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Fontan, Atrio-ventricular connection 5 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Valvuloplasty converted to valve replacement in the same operation, Aortic - with Ross-Konno procedure 4 1 25.00%% 25.00%%
Echocardiography procedure, Sedated transesophageal echocardiogram 4 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Cardiovascular electrophysiological catheterization procedure 4 1 25.00%% 25.00%%
Valvuloplasty converted to valve replacement in the same operation, Aortic - with Ross procedure 4 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Atrial fenestration closure 4 1 25.00%% 25.00%%
Valvuloplasty converted to valve replacement in the same operation, Pulmonic 4 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Pulmonary embolectomy, Chronic pulmonary embolus 3 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Echocardiography procedure, Sedated transthoracic echocardiogram 2 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Diagnostic, Hemodynamic alteration 2 2 100.00%% 100.00%%
Hybrid approach "Stage 2", Aortopulmonary amalgamation + Superior Cavopulmonary anastomosis(es) + PA Debanding + Without aortic arch repair 1 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Diagnostic, Electrophysiology alteration 1 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Therapeutic, Adjunctive therapy 1 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Radiology procedure on cardiac patient, Cardiac Computerized Axial Tomography (CT Scan) 1 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Valvuloplasty converted to valve replacement in the same operation, Common atrioventricular valve 1 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Therapeutic, Transcatheter Fontan completion 1 0 0.00%% 0.00%%
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