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Mortality vs. Procedure

Results

  Primary Procedure Name No of operations 30-day Deaths 30-day Mortality Hospital Deaths Hospital Mortality
1 VSD repair, Patch 35791 253 0.71% 300 0.84%
2 ASD repair, Patch 15923 48 0.30% 56 0.35%
3 PDA closure, Surgical 9835 229 2.34% 315 3.21%
4 TOF repair, Ventriculotomy, Transanular patch 8603 204 2.38% 222 2.59%
5 Shunt, Systemic to pulmonary, Modified Blalock-Taussig Shunt (MBTS) 7775 617 8.52% 720 9.94%
6 ASD repair, Primary closure 7430 39 0.53% 43 0.58%
7 AVC (AVSD) repair, Complete (CAVSD) 7344 304 4.15% 370 5.06%
8 Arterial switch operation (ASO) 7329 370 5.06% 417 5.70%
9 Coarctation repair, End to end, Extended 6395 111 1.74% 147 2.31%
10 Bidirectional cavopulmonary anastomosis (BDCPA) (bidirectional Glenn) 6345 210 3.34% 286 4.55%
11 PA banding (PAB) 5367 354 6.88% 494 9.60%
12 Coarctation repair, End to end 4244 72 1.70% 89 2.10%
13 Norwood procedure 3974 949 23.96% 1137 28.70%
14 Pacemaker procedure 3843 48 1.51% 60 1.89%
15 Valvuloplasty, Mitral 3819 105 2.85% 145 3.94%
16 AVC (AVSD) repair, Partial (Incomplete) (PAVSD) 3638 32 0.88% 36 0.99%
17 Aortic stenosis, Subvalvar, Repair 3583 35 1.01% 45 1.30%
18 Pacemaker implantation, Permanent 3550 78 2.28% 117 3.42%
19 Fontan, TCPC, External conduit, Fenestrated 3399 120 3.54% 149 4.40%
20 TAPVC repair 3329 231 7.04% 296 9.03%
21 Conduit placement, RV to PA 3290 100 3.11% 122 3.80%
22 VSD repair, Primary closure 2984 39 1.31% 47 1.58%
23 Arterial switch operation (ASO) and VSD repair 2960 245 8.28% 279 9.43%
24 TOF repair, Ventriculotomy, Nontransanular patch 2937 39 1.33% 42 1.43%
25 Valvuloplasty, Aortic 2822 59 2.18% 74 2.74%
26 Mediastinal exploration 2590 414 19.99% 491 23.71%
27 Conduit reoperation 2569 63 2.58% 69 2.82%
28 TOF repair, No ventriculotomy 2563 29 1.13% 33 1.29%
29 PAPVC repair 2337 20 0.86% 23 0.99%
30 RVOT procedure 2318 111 4.88% 123 5.41%
31 Valve replacement, Aortic (AVR), Mechanical 2207 30 1.38% 34 1.56%
32 Aortic arch repair 2157 164 7.78% 214 10.15%
33 DORV, Intraventricular tunnel repair 2066 110 5.36% 120 5.85%
34 Valve replacement, Pulmonic (PVR) 2056 29 1.42% 35 1.72%
35 Valve replacement, Mitral (MVR) 1903 140 7.79% 170 9.46%
36 Shunt, Systemic to pulmonary, Central (from aorta or to main pulmonary artery) 1858 212 11.88% 243 13.62%
37 Pericardial drainage procedure 1836 68 3.86% 81 4.60%
38 Vascular ring repair 1798 8 0.45% 16 0.90%
39 Fontan, TCPC, External conduit, Nonfenestrated 1739 39 2.25% 55 3.17%
40 ECMO procedure 1687 654 52.36% 725 58.05%
41 Valvuloplasty, Tricuspid 1544 58 3.83% 77 5.08%
42 Truncus arteriosus repair 1434 199 14.00% 237 16.68%
43 AVC (AVSD) repair, Intermediate (Transitional) 1417 19 1.35% 21 1.49%
44 Coarctation repair, Patch aortoplasty 1237 40 3.30% 48 3.96%
45 PA, reconstruction (plasty), Main (trunk) 1172 49 4.24% 58 5.02%
46 Miscellaneous procedure, Other 1154 99 9.66% 132 12.88%
47 Ross procedure 1146 18 1.58% 23 2.01%
48 ECMO cannulation 1101 406 39.46% 480 46.65%
49 Pulmonary atresia - VSD (including TOF, PA) repair 1067 49 4.60% 58 5.45%
50 Bilateral bidirectional cavopulmonary anastomosis (BBDCPA) (bilateral bidirectional Glenn) 1037 44 4.26% 61 5.91%
51 Interrupted aortic arch repair 1033 119 11.54% 142 13.77%
52 Valvuloplasty, Pulmonic 1026 22 2.21% 27 2.71%
53 Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Therapeutic, Device implantation 1022 4 0.40% 5 0.50%
54 VSD, Multiple, Repair 1021 35 3.53% 46 4.64%
55 ECMO decannulation 990 277 29.85% 339 36.53%
56 Other procedure 970 97 11.45% 122 14.40%
57 Aortic stenosis, Supravalvar, Repair 949 48 5.18% 54 5.83%
58 Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Therapeutic, Balloon dilation 948 19 2.21% 26 3.02%
59 Thoracic and/or mediastinal procedure, Other 925 72 8.90% 84 10.38%
60 Transplant, Heart 878 58 6.63% 85 9.71%
61 PA, reconstruction (plasty), Branch, Central (within the hilar bifurcation) 866 55 6.54% 70 8.32%
62 Aortic root replacement, Mechanical 847 20 2.39% 22 2.63%
63 Sternotomy wound drainage 845 41 5.71% 55 7.66%
64 Mediastinal procedure 843 83 11.40% 100 13.74%
65 Aortic arch repair + VSD repair 800 29 3.62% 45 5.62%
66 Pleural drainage procedure 800 57 8.10% 78 11.08%
67 DCRV repair 788 9 1.15% 10 1.28%
68 Anomalous origin of coronary artery from pulmonary artery repair 787 30 3.84% 38 4.86%
69 Aortic aneurysm repair 758 14 1.87% 18 2.41%
70 Diaphragm plication 756 29 3.99% 68 9.37%
71 ASD repair, Patch + PAPVC repair 752 1 0.13% 1 0.13%
72 Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Therapeutic, Coil implantation 712 4 0.58% 4 0.58%
73 Damus-Kaye-Stansel procedure (DKS) (creation of AP anastomosis without arch reconstruction) 689 129 18.83% 152 22.19%
74 Ebstein's repair 677 42 6.42% 52 7.95%
75 PA debanding 673 56 8.50% 83 12.59%
76 Lung procedure, Other 652 17 2.79% 25 4.11%
77 ASD creation/enlargement 627 125 20.03% 153 24.52%
78 Fontan, TCPC, Lateral tunnel, Fenestrated 624 24 3.88% 29 4.68%
79 Right/left heart assist device procedure 612 82 26.28% 123 39.42%
80 TOF repair, RV-PA conduit 605 31 5.18% 36 6.01%
81 PDA closure, Device 579 1 0.17% 2 0.35%
82 ASD repair, Device 579 0 0.00% 0 0.00%
83 Unifocalization MAPCA(s) 572 47 9.09% 58 11.22%
84 Aortic stenosis, Subvalvar, Repair, With myectomy for IHSS 558 4 0.72% 7 1.27%
85 Ross-Konno procedure 553 51 9.22% 62 11.21%
86 Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Therapeutic, Stent insertion 549 58 11.49% 65 12.87%
87 Cardiac procedure, Other 540 66 12.94% 75 14.71%
88 Cor triatriatum repair 532 17 3.21% 22 4.15%
89 Valve replacement, Tricuspid (TVR) 530 49 9.68% 62 12.25%
90 Glenn (unidirectional cavopulmonary anastomosis) (unidirectional Glenn) 526 10 1.91% 13 2.48%
91 Valve replacement, Aortic (AVR), Bioprosthetic 521 11 2.14% 14 2.72%
92 Fontan, Other 520 28 5.41% 33 6.37%
93 Pulmonary atresia - VSD - MAPCA (pseudotruncus) repair 513 44 8.71% 58 11.49%
94 VSD repair, Device 509 3 0.59% 4 0.79%
95 Pulmonary venous stenosis repair 507 45 9.89% 70 15.38%
96 PFO, Primary closure 488 7 1.43% 9 1.84%
97 AP window repair 474 5 1.06% 7 1.49%
98 Rastelli 468 31 6.71% 34 7.36%
99 Cardiac tumor resection 458 23 5.11% 26 5.78%
100 ICD (AICD) implantation 447 6 1.39% 7 1.62%
101 Coarctation repair, Other 446 19 4.27% 20 4.49%
102 PA, reconstruction (plasty), Branch, Peripheral (at or beyond the hilar bifurcation) 434 23 5.45% 35 8.29%
103 Fontan, TCPC, Lateral tunnel, Nonfenestrated 426 10 2.35% 13 3.05%
104 HemiFontan 417 24 5.78% 34 8.19%
105 Valve surgery, Other, Mitral 410 14 3.51% 18 4.51%
106 Tracheal procedure 408 27 7.14% 40 10.58%
107 TOF - AVC (AVSD) repair 399 39 9.77% 43 10.78%
108 Coarctation repair + VSD repair 382 14 3.66% 19 4.97%
109 TOF - Absent pulmonary valve repair 377 36 9.55% 49 13.00%
110 Shunt, Systemic to pulmonary, Other 375 60 16.76% 69 19.27%
111 Thoracotomy, Other 375 50 14.75% 64 18.88%
112 Pectus repair 375 0 0.00% 0 0.00%
113 Coarctation repair, Interposition graft 374 7 1.87% 8 2.14%
114 Aortic root replacement, Valve sparing 373 3 0.80% 3 0.80%
115 Coronary artery procedure, Other 365 30 8.36% 34 9.47%
116 Shunt, Ligation and takedown 339 37 11.04% 43 12.84%
117 Coarctation repair, Subclavian flap 331 7 2.13% 12 3.65%
118 ICD (AICD) ([automatic] implantable cardioverter defibrillator) procedure 321 3 1.14% 3 1.14%
119 Peripheral vascular procedure, Other 315 21 7.53% 27 9.68%
120 Palliation, Other 307 44 14.62% 51 16.94%
121 ASD creation, Balloon septostomy (BAS) (Rashkind) 302 22 7.56% 27 9.28%
122 Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Therapeutic 290 2 0.71% 2 0.71%
123 Konno procedure 286 19 6.64% 24 8.39%
124 Valve surgery, Other, Pulmonic 282 8 2.85% 11 3.91%
125 Fontan revision or conversion (Re-do Fontan) 271 37 13.81% 42 15.67%
126 Valve surgery, Other, Aortic 268 18 6.87% 19 7.25%
127 Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Therapeutic, Balloon valvotomy 241 8 3.38% 10 4.22%
128 Shunt, Reoperation 236 31 14.98% 39 18.84%
129 PAPVC repair, Baffle redirection to left atrium with systemic vein translocation (Warden) (SVC sewn to right atrial appendage) 234 0 0.00% 0 0.00%
130 Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Therapeutic, Septostomy 232 16 6.93% 23 9.96%
131 Aortic root replacement, Homograft 226 14 6.28% 18 8.07%
132 PAPVC, Scimitar, Repair 225 2 0.91% 6 2.73%
133 Coronary artery fistula ligation 222 2 0.91% 2 0.91%
134 VAD implantation 221 42 20.10% 63 30.14%
135 REV 221 13 5.88% 14 6.33%
136 Pulmonary artery sling repair 218 6 2.76% 10 4.61%
137 PA, reconstruction (plasty), Branch, Central 210 12 5.85% 14 6.83%
138 ASD, Common atrium (single atrium), Septation 206 4 1.96% 4 1.96%
139 Senning 197 21 10.77% 25 12.82%
140 HLHS biventricular repair 190 21 11.11% 26 13.76%
141 Congenitally corrected TGA repair, Atrial switch and ASO (double switch) 186 15 8.11% 21 11.35%
142 Aortic root replacement, Bioprosthetic 177 6 3.43% 7 4.00%
143 Coronary artery bypass 175 10 5.92% 12 7.10%
144 Valve replacement, Aortic (AVR) 174 4 2.30% 4 2.30%
145 Arterial switch procedure and VSD repair + Aortic arch repair 170 14 8.24% 18 10.59%
146 Sinus of Valsalva, Aneurysm repair 166 1 0.61% 1 0.61%
147 Mitral stenosis, Supravalvar mitral ring repair 163 1 0.63% 4 2.52%
148 Lung biopsy 156 10 6.54% 15 9.80%
149 DORV repair, NOS 145 6 4.17% 7 4.86%
150 Ligation, Thoracic duct 143 9 6.34% 20 14.08%
151 Hybrid Approach "Stage 1", Application of RPA & LPA bands 143 28 19.58% 41 28.67%
152 1 1/2 ventricular repair 139 4 2.88% 5 3.60%
153 VSD creation/enlargement 136 17 12.78% 24 18.05%
154 Anomalous systemic venous connection repair 130 7 5.47% 8 6.25%
155 ASD partial closure 130 9 6.92% 9 6.92%
156 Pulmonary artery origin from ascending aorta (hemitruncus) repair 129 3 2.33% 4 3.10%
157 Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Diagnostic 127 4 4.00% 6 6.00%
158 Valve surgery, Other, Tricuspid 124 21 17.21% 23 18.85%
159 LV to aorta tunnel repair 117 5 4.31% 5 4.31%
160 Anomalous aortic origin of coronary artery from aorta (AAOCA) repair 114 1 0.88% 1 0.88%
161 Systemic venous stenosis repair 113 8 7.34% 13 11.93%
162 TOF repair, NOS 103 2 1.94% 4 3.88%
163 Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Diagnostic, Angiographic data obtained 101 9 9.78% 10 10.87%
164 Congenitally corrected TGA repair, Atrial switch and Rastelli 99 13 13.13% 15 15.15%
165 Pericardiectomy 96 0 0.00% 4 4.21%
166 Decortication 96 4 4.21% 5 5.26%
167 ASD repair, NOS 95 1 1.05% 1 1.05%
168 Aortopexy 94 4 4.40% 8 8.79%
169 Explantation of pacing system 93 0 0.00% 0 0.00%
170 Hybrid Approach "Stage 1", Stent placement in arterial duct (PDA) + application of RPA & LPA bands 93 28 30.11% 43 46.24%
171 Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Diagnostic, Hemodynamic data obtained 90 8 9.30% 10 11.63%
172 VSD repair, NOS 89 3 3.37% 4 4.49%
173 Occlusion MAPCA(s) 89 5 5.88% 7 8.24%
174 Pleural procedure, Other 88 6 7.69% 10 12.82%
175 Valve excision, Pulmonary (without replacement) 81 3 3.70% 3 3.70%
176 Atrial septal fenestration 79 11 14.10% 15 19.23%
177 Aneurysm, Ventricular, Left, Repair 78 2 2.70% 3 4.05%
178 Minimally invasive procedure 77 6 8.33% 6 8.33%
179 Congenitally corrected TGA repair, VSD closure 77 4 5.19% 7 9.09%
180 Mustard 72 8 11.27% 12 16.90%
181 Pericardial procedure, Other 72 5 7.04% 8 11.27%
182 TGA, Other procedures (Nikaido, Kawashima, LV-PA conduit, other) 72 9 12.86% 9 12.86%
183 VATS (video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery) 71 0 0.00% 0 0.00%
184 Aortic root translocation over left ventricle (Including Nikaidoh procedure) 67 3 4.48% 5 7.46%
185 Cardiotomy, Other 65 8 12.90% 10 16.13%
186 Aneurysm, Ventricular, Right, Repair 61 3 4.92% 4 6.56%
187 Bronchoscopy 58 5 9.62% 9 17.31%
188 VAD explantation 57 7 12.50% 13 23.21%
189 Coarctation repair, NOS 57 4 7.14% 4 7.14%
190 Transplant, lung(s) 57 6 10.91% 10 18.18%
191 Valvuloplasty, Common atrioventricular valve 56 8 16.00% 13 26.00%
192 Valve closure, Tricuspid (exclusion, univentricular approach) 55 17 31.48% 22 40.74%
193 Valve replacement, Aortic (AVR), Homograft 55 1 1.82% 1 1.82%
194 Arrhythmia surgery - atrial, Surgical Ablation 54 3 5.66% 3 5.66%
195 Valvuloplasty converted to valve replacement in the same operation, Mitral 53 4 7.55% 4 7.55%
196 Congenitally corrected TGA repair, VSD closure and LV to PA conduit 52 0 0.00% 1 1.92%
197 Aortic dissection repair 51 6 11.76% 6 11.76%
198 Conduit placement, LV to PA 49 1 2.08% 3 6.25%
199 Atrial baffle procedure (non-Mustard, non-Senning) 46 2 4.35% 2 4.35%
200 TAPVC repair + Shunt - systemic-to-pulmonary 44 12 27.27% 22 50.00%
201 Diaphragm procedure, Other 44 8 18.60% 10 23.26%
202 Truncus + Interrupted aortic arch repair (IAA) repair 44 3 6.82% 3 6.82%
203 TGA, Other procedures (Kawashima, LV-PA conduit, other) 43 2 4.76% 2 4.76%
204 Arterial switch procedure + Aortic arch repair 42 0 0.00% 1 2.38%
205 Conduit placement, Other 40 3 7.50% 3 7.50%
206 Organ procurement 40 2 5.13% 3 7.69%
207 Fontan, Atrio-pulmonary connection 40 2 5.00% 3 7.50%
208 Hybrid approach "Stage 2", Aortopulmonary amalgamation + Superior Cavopulmonary anastomosis(es) + PA Debanding + Aortic arch repair (Norwood [Stage 1] + Superior Cavopulmonary anastomosis(es) + PA Debanding) 40 8 20.51% 11 28.21%
209 Aneurysm, Pulmonary artery, Repair 39 0 0.00% 0 0.00%
210 Fontan, TCPC, External conduit, NOS 38 3 7.89% 4 10.53%
211 Shunt, Systemic to pulmonary, NOS 37 6 16.67% 6 16.67%
212 Superior Cavopulmonary anastomosis(es) + PA reconstruction 37 2 5.41% 2 5.41%
213 Pulmonary embolectomy, Acute pulmonary embolus 36 9 25.71% 11 31.43%
214 Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Therapeutic, Stent re-dilation 35 0 0.00% 0 0.00%
215 Valvuloplasty, Truncal valve 35 1 2.94% 1 2.94%
216 Aortic root replacement 33 1 3.03% 1 3.03%
217 PDA closure, NOS 32 0 0.00% 0 0.00%
218 Valve replacement, Common atrioventricular valve 32 3 9.38% 6 18.75%
219 DOLV repair 31 3 9.68% 3 9.68%
220 Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Therapeutic, Transcatheter implantation of valve 30 1 3.33% 1 3.33%
221 Bypass for noncardiac lesion 30 7 25.00% 7 25.00%
222 Other annular enlargement procedure 27 4 14.81% 4 14.81%
223 Atrial baffle procedure, Mustard or Senning revision 26 2 7.69% 2 7.69%
224 Cardiovascular electrophysiological catheterization procedure, Therapeutic ablation 25 0 0.00% 0 0.00%
225 Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Therapeutic, Perforation (establishing interchamber and/or intervessel communication) 24 3 12.50% 3 12.50%
226 AVC (AVSD) repair, NOS 24 2 8.33% 2 8.33%
227 Valvuloplasty converted to valve replacement in the same operation, Aortic 24 0 0.00% 0 0.00%
228 Valve replacement, Truncal valve 24 2 8.70% 2 8.70%
229 Valve closure, Semilunar 23 4 17.39% 4 17.39%
230 Ligation, Pulmonary artery 23 4 17.39% 4 17.39%
231 RF ablation 22 1 4.55% 1 4.55%
232 Congenitally corrected TGA repair, Other 21 0 0.00% 0 0.00%
233 Conduit placement, Ventricle to aorta 21 3 14.29% 3 14.29%
234 ASD creation, Blade septostomy 20 3 15.00% 3 15.00%
235 Arrhythmia surgery - ventricular, Surgical Ablation 19 1 5.26% 1 5.26%
236 Esophageal procedure 18 1 6.25% 1 6.25%
237 Non-cardiovascular, Non-thoracic procedure on cardiac patient with cardiac anesthesia 17 3 18.75% 3 18.75%
238 Pulmonary embolectomy 17 2 12.50% 2 12.50%
239 Transplant, Heart and lung 17 3 17.65% 3 17.65%
240 Ventricular septal fenestration 15 2 13.33% 2 13.33%
241 Intraaortic balloon pump (IABP) insertion 15 6 42.86% 7 50.00%
242 Valvuloplasty converted to valve replacement in the same operation, Tricuspid 14 1 7.14% 2 14.29%
243 Partial left ventriculectomy (LV volume reduction surgery) (Batista) 13 0 0.00% 1 8.33%
244 Fontan, NOS 13 1 7.69% 1 7.69%
245 Valve excision, Tricuspid (without replacement) 13 2 15.38% 2 15.38%
246 Fontan + Atrioventricular valvuloplasty 12 0 0.00% 1 8.33%
247 Hybrid Approach "Stage 1", Stent placement in arterial duct (PDA) 11 4 36.36% 7 63.64%
248 Fontan, TCPC, Lateral tunnel, NOS 10 0 0.00% 0 0.00%
249 Pulmonary AV fistula repair/occlusion 10 0 0.00% 0 0.00%
250 Superior cavopulmonary anastomosis(es) (Glenn or HemiFontan) + Atrioventricular valvuloplasty 10 0 0.00% 0 0.00%
251 Ventricular septation 9 0 0.00% 0 0.00%
252 Echocardiography procedure, Sedated transesophageal echocardiogram 8 0 0.00% 0 0.00%
253 Congenitally corrected TGA repair, NOS 6 1 16.67% 1 16.67%
254 Valvuloplasty converted to valve replacement in the same operation, Aortic - with Ross-Konno procedure 6 1 16.67% 1 16.67%
255 Fontan, Atrio-ventricular connection 5 0 0.00% 0 0.00%
256 Atrial fenestration closure 5 1 20.00% 1 20.00%
257 Pulmonary embolectomy, Chronic pulmonary embolus 5 0 0.00% 0 0.00%
258 Cardiovascular electrophysiological catheterization procedure 4 1 25.00% 1 25.00%
259 Valvuloplasty converted to valve replacement in the same operation, Aortic - with Ross procedure 4 0 0.00% 0 0.00%
260 Valvuloplasty converted to valve replacement in the same operation, Pulmonic 4 0 0.00% 0 0.00%
261 Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Diagnostic, Hemodynamic alteration 2 2 100.00% 2 100.00%
262 Echocardiography procedure, Sedated transthoracic echocardiogram 2 0 0.00% 0 0.00%
263 Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Therapeutic, Adjunctive therapy 1 0 0.00% 0 0.00%
264 Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Therapeutic, Transcatheter Fontan completion 1 0 0.00% 0 0.00%
265 Radiology procedure on cardiac patient, Cardiac Computerized Axial Tomography (CT Scan) 1 0 0.00% 0 0.00%
266 Cardiovascular catheterization procedure, Diagnostic, Electrophysiology alteration 1 0 0.00% 0 0.00%
267 Hybrid approach "Stage 2", Aortopulmonary amalgamation + Superior Cavopulmonary anastomosis(es) + PA Debanding + Without aortic arch repair 1 1 100.00% 1 100.00%
268 Valvuloplasty converted to valve replacement in the same operation, Common atrioventricular valve 1 0 0.00% 0 0.00%